- Descriptive Essay: structure and organization.
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- Structure of a Descriptive Essay
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How does the introduction of new material—a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources—affect the claims you're making? Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. Call it "complication" since you're responding to a reader's complicating questions.
Descriptive Essay: structure and organization.
This section usually comes after the "what," but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay. This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering "why", your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay's end.
If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished—or, worse, as pointless or insular. Mapping an Essay.
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Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader's needs in understanding your idea. Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material.
Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay.
They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:. Your map should naturally take you through some preliminary answers to the basic questions of what, how, and why. It is not a contract, though—the order in which the ideas appear is not a rigid one.
Essay maps are flexible; they evolve with your ideas. Signs of Trouble. Here are a few quick tips to help organize your responses on test day: Before you start writing, make a brief outline or some notes on scratch paper to help you organize your thoughts. You can even type your outline and notes directly in the answer area on the computer and then replace your outline with sentences and paragraphs.
Study the organization of good paragraphs and essays. A good paragraph discusses one main idea. This paper may benefit from reverse outlining.
Structure of a Descriptive Essay
The reverse outline will help you evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of both your organization and your argument. Read the draft and take notes Read your draft over, and as you do so, make very brief notes in the margin about what each paragraph is trying to accomplish. The outline might look like this:. Examine the Outline Look for repetition and other organizational problems. Re-examine the Thesis, the Outline, and the Draft Together Look closely at the outline and see how well it supports the argument in your thesis statement.
You should be able to see which paragraphs need rewriting, reordering or rejecting. You may find some paragraphs are tangential or irrelevant or that some paragraphs have more than one idea and need to be separated.
Find a Friend, your T. People are more accustomed to talking than writing, so it might be beneficial to explain your thinking out loud to someone before organizing the essay. Talking to someone about your ideas may also relieve pressure and anxiety about your topic. It is likely that the order in which you present your ideas and evidence to your listener is a logical way to arrange them in your paper.
This fact should tell you that you probably need to discuss private enterprise near the beginning. Take Notes You and your listener should keep track of the way you explain your paper. Get Your Listener to Ask Questions As the writer, it is in your interest to receive constructive criticism so that your draft will become stronger. Do you consider it a good or bad thing? Questions you need to think about will probably make you realize that you need to explain more your paper. Readers need paragraph breaks in order to organize their reading.
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Writers need paragraph breaks to organize their writing.